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Gary E. Schwartz, PhD, is a professor of psychology, medicine, neurology, psychiatry, and surgery at the University of Arizona and the Director of its Laboratory for Advances in Consciousness and Health. Dr. Schwartz is also an author and the Corporate Director of Development of Energy Healing for the Canyon Ranch Resorts. Schwartz is known for his controversial experiments withmediums and energy healing.
Schwartz received his PhD from Harvard University and was a professor of psychiatry and psychology at Yale University as well as Director of the Yale Psychophysiology Center and co-director of the Yale Behavioral Medicine Clinic from 1976-1988. He is the Director of the Laboratory for Advances in Consciousness and Health (LACH, formerly the Human Energy Systems Laboratory) in the Department of Psychology at the University of Arizona. Other lab members at LACH include Iris Bell, MD, PhD, a psychiatrist and Professor of Psychiatry and Psychology; Ann Linda Baldwin, PhD, a Professor of Physiology and Psychology at the University of Arizona; Sam Shiflett, PhD; and Robert Stek, PhD.
In his early career, Schwartz published extensively on biofeedback research and health psychology. Schwartz's major research focus for the past two decades has been in the fields of parapsychology and consciousness-based healthcare. His VERITAS research project, which concluded in 2008, was created primarily to test the hypothesis that the consciousness (or identity) of a person survives physical death. To this end, Schwartz has performed experiments at the University of Arizona that tested well-known mediums such as John Edward of TV's Crossing Over and Allison DuBois, the inspiration for the TV drama Medium. Based on research that Schwartz has characterized as formal scientific experiments under controlled conditions as well as informal readings on himself, Schwartz concluded that DuBois could indeed contact dead people, saying, "There is no question this is not a fraud, some people really can do this, and Allison is one of them." Schwartz says his experiments with DuBois included a reading for celebrity physician and author Dr. Deepak Chopra following the death of his father that Chopra characterized as 77% accurate.
Schwartz's current research projects at LACH involve the investigation into eight specific consciousness research areas:
- The Evolution of Consciousness and Understanding (Universal Hypotheses and Post-Materialism)
- The Role of Consciousness in Health and Healing
- The Survival of Consciousness After Death
- Quantum Holographic Consciousness
- Group and Global Consciousness
- Animal Consciousness
- Other Worldly / Higher Spiritual Consciousness
- The Universal Intelligence Hypothesis
Schwartz's methods have prompted criticism by skeptics such as University of Oregon professor Ray Hyman, who says they deviate from the accepted norms of scientific methodology, and criticizes Schwartz for research errors such as inappropriate statistical tests and using subjects predisposed to believe in psychic abilities. Skeptic Robert Todd Carroll maintains that Schwartz's evaluation of mediums is subjective and a product of wishful thinking. When skeptic James Randi asked the University of Arizona to submit Schwartz's research data to an independent panel for evaluation as part of his $1 Million Challenge, Schwartz declined because he believed the panel, which was picked by Randi, would be biased. Schwartz has also been accused by psychic Laurie Campbell and Allison DuBois of exploiting their publicity value.
Schwartz is the co-author of The Living Energy Universe, and is the author of The Afterlife Experiments: Breakthrough Scientific Evidence of Life After Death and The Truth About Medium as well as authoring over 450 scientific papers and editing academic books.
- Dotinga, Randy. "Academia Embraces Spooky Studies".10.11.05. Wired. Retrieved 26 July 2012. ""Our work is in three areas: The first is really controversial, the second is very controversial and the third is super controversial," said psychology professor Gary Schwartz, the center's director."
- http://www.arizona.edu/phonebook/search.php?dbkey=120574556738 UA Phonebook The University of Arizona
- McClain, Carla (January 17, 2005). "Varied readings on Arizona psychic". Arizona Daily Star. Archived from the original on 16 May 2007. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- Hyman, Ray (May 2003). "How Not to Test Mediums: Critiquing the Afterlife Experiments". Skeptical Inquirer. Retrieved 2008-01-24.
- Carroll, Robert Todd (2007). "Gary Schwartz's Subjective Evaluation of Mediums: Veritas or Wishful Thinking?".Skeptic’s Dictionary. Retrieved 2008-01-24.
- Schwartz, Gary E. (2005). The Truth about Medium. Hampton Roads Publishing, p. 106. ISBN 1-57174-459-2
- Allison, Dubois (2005). "News". allisondubois.com. Archived from the original on 20 May 2006. Retrieved 11 December 2009.
- Gary E. Schwartz and John Edward (Foreward), "The Sacred Promise: How Science Is Discovering Spirit's Collaboration with Us in Our Daily Lives," (Atria Books/Beyond Words) (January 11, 2011) ISBN 978-1582702582
- Gary E. Schwartz, William L. Simon and Richard Carmona, "The Energy Healing Experiments: Science Reveals Our Natural Power to Heal," Atria Books (August 7, 2007) ISBN 978-0743292375
- Gary E. Schwartz and William L. Simon, "The G.O.D. Experiments: How Science Is Discovering God In Everything, Including Us,"Atria (April 4, 2006) ISBN 978-0743477406
- Gary E. Schwartz and William L. Simon, "The Truth About Medium: Extraordinary Experiments with the real Allison DuBois of NBC's Medium and other Remarkable Psychics," Hampton Roads Publishing Company (October 2005) ISBN 1-57174-459-2
- Gary E. Schwartz, William L. Simon, and Deepak Chopra (Foreword). The Afterlife Experiments (Mar 1, 2002) ISBN 0-7434-3658-X
- Gary E. Schwartz, Ph.D and Linda G. S. Russek, "Living Energy Universe: A Fundamental Discovery that Transforms Science and Medicine," Hampton Roads Publishing Company (1999)
- Paul M. Lehrer (Editor), Robert L. Woolfolk (Editor), Gary E. Schwartz "Principles and Practice of Stress Management," (The Guilford Press; 2 Sub edition, January 29, 1993) ISBN 0-89862-766-4
- Richard J. Davidson (Editor), Gary E. Schwartz (Editor), David Shapiro, "Consciousness and Self-Regulation, Advances in Research and Theory Volume 4," Plenum Press (April 30, 1986) ISBN 0-306-42048-1
- The VERITAS Research Program at the University of Arizona
- "How Not to Test Mediums: Critiquing the Afterlife Experiments", a critique of Gary Schwartz' research from The Skeptical Inquirer (January 2003)
- "Follow Up: How Not to Review Mediumship Research", Gary Schwartz' response to the above critique from The Skeptical Inquirer(May 2003)
- "Follow Up Reply: Hyman's Reply to Schwartz's 'How Not to Review Mediumship Research'", Ray Hyman's response to the above critique of his critique from The Skeptical Inquirer (May 2003)
- What If Gary Schwartz Is Right? by Robert Todd Carroll, at Freethinker, mukto-mona.com, a Bengali humanist website (March 2005)
- Gary Schwartz's Subjective Evaluation of Mediums: Veritas or Wishful Thinking? by Robert Todd Carroll (April 2006)
- Gary Schwartz and Intelligent Design by Robert Todd Carroll (May 2006)